What is Liverpool’s Ideal Formation?

December 06, 2023

by xfcedi

What is Liverpool's Ideal Formation?

By Eduard Bănulescu

Liverpool’s formation has been integral to Jurgen Klopp’s tactics, which have transformed the Premier League club into an elite team in recent years. But old ways need to change. This season, Liverpool has made a number of exciting changes to its formation. This is likely to have a knock-on effect on its transfer poly and squad building.

Just what is Liverpool’s formation? And why does it seem to be working just slightly less effectively than in years prior? Today, we will look at the way that Jurgen Klopp’s team lines up and try to make sense of it all.

Jurgen Klopp’s tactics and their evolution

Jurgen Klopp’s tactics are nearly as famous as the manager himself. When he first arrived at Liverpool, the German brought in the classic “gegenpress” style that had earned him such a reputation back at Borussia Dortmund in the Bundesliga.

Gegenpressing is a highly intensive style of play centred around the idea that possession needs to be earned back as quickly and as high up the pitch as possible. It requires quick players with great stamina and who possess excellent tactical knowledge.

But Liverpool plays a lot of games each season, often in at least four competitions. Klopp has had to adapt. In recent years, investments have been made in the midfield so that Liverpool can better control possession.

Typically, Liverpool plays with a front three. They’ve played with two holding midfielders in recent times. They’ve also played with a back three or with a back four with quick wingbacks.

Through the changes, however, Klopp has kept the same principles. The team plays bravely and aggressively, engaging in tough-pressing and launching into lightning-fast counter-attacks.

The changes have also been worked to accommodate certain individuals either as a way to work them into the squad or to adapt to the needs of a highly congested fixture list.

Liverpool’s formation variations

Jurgen Klopp‘s Liverpool became famous for using a 4-3-3 formation. The expansive front three of Mohamed Salah, Sadio Mane and Roberto Firmino became globally famous. The quick wing-backs, Trent-Alexander Arnold and Andrew Robertson, were the best in the game. And the central midfielders were tireless.

But changes needed to be made, especially following a slump in form. Across 2023, Liverpool has used seven formations, all subtle variations on Klopp’s formula.


Most interestingly, Liverpool has lined up in a 4-4-2 system. Many believed that this was largely out of a desire to work Trent-Alexander Arnold into the squad. The player was having trouble in a wing-back role, unable to track back defensively as much as required.

In a fluid 4-4-2 system, Liverpool no longer played with a False 9. Instead, they used Darwin Nunez as a target forward, not unlike the way Erling Haaland plays for Manchester City. The other forward, usually Mohamed Salah, tends to drift wide on the right, balancing Luis Diaz’s left-wing attacks. Meanwhile, the central midfielders, suck as Dominik Szoboszlai, also offer lateral cover.

Liverpool has also played a more classic 4-4-2 in which two strikers are active out top and where the threat on the wings comes, as was the case in the past, from the full-backs.

The recent 4-3 victory over Fulham was a vintage Liverpool performance, for better and for worse. The 4-3-3 formation frequently transitioned into a 3-4-3 where Alexander Arnold was used as a wide defensive midfielder, and Alexis Mac Allister played just in front of the two central defenders, usually Virgil van Dijk and Joe Gomez.

The last variation has been used the most often recently and has worked the best in terms of results. It involves a good deal of risk, and while Liverpool can be vulnerable to counterattacks, the results show that they remain one of the top clubs in the Premier League.

The Trent-Alexander Arnold conundrum

Trent-Alexander Arnold is not just, historically speaking, the most successful card in FootballCoin. He is also one of the best young players in the Premier League, a fact recognized by most football viewers.

But Trent-Alexander Arnold is also a very attack-minded wing-back with some defensive vulnerabilities. These have come to light more than ever during the 2022/23 season. They may have cost the player a spot in the England national team.

Jurgen Klopp is now utilizing Alexander-Arnold’s extraordinary passing abilities and stamina in a slightly different role. The player will often drift into a defensive midfield position in the centre of the pitch.

This means that someone needs to oversee the right flank. Many of Liverpool’s formation variations have at their heart the need to work Trent-Alexander Arnold into the squad without putting excessive pressure on the team’s defensive capabilities.

Which formation works best?

During the 2023/2024 season, the formation that has worked best for Liverpool has been a 4-3-3 that easily transforms into a 3-4-3. This attacking approach has brought the Reds near the top of the table once more.

Another formation that has been successful over the past 12 months has been a fluid 4-4-2 that also switches to a 3-4-3. Alexandre Arnold’s role in midfield and Mac Allister’s ability to track back have stood at the heart of these changes and their success.

Which formation is Liverpool using this season most often

This season, in the 2023/24 campaign, Liverpool has relied often on the 4-3-3 formula. The style that the team utilizes, however, is highly dependent on the availability of a few core players.


It requires Alexandre Arnold’s ability to transition to a central midfield role. It also requires, at least, an additional competent defensive midfielder. Alexis Mac Allister has proven to be that player. However, the World Cup winner has also suffered injury setbacks.

In his absence, Jurgen Klopp has turned to Curtis Jones to play a more defensive role or to new recruit Wataru Endo, usually used as a substitute. The talented Ryan Gravenberch has been brought in from Bayern Munchen to take on a similar role, but his performances so far have not been of the highest calibre.

This Liverpool is associated with gegenpressing and with a 4-4-3 formation. However, Jurgen Klopp is a smart enough manager to recognize that things change and that managers need to change along with the times.

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